After the 1755 earthquake that destroyed the center of medieval Lisbon , this area was reborn at the behest of the Minister of D. José I, Marquês de Pombal.
The Lisbon dating from the second half of the 18th century was set down according to geometric pattern, a grid on which buildings were built. They were provided with a "cage-like" anti-earthquake system. This was a system of crossed wooden beams over which the walls were built.
The construction was totally revolutionary for the time as it was the first time a system of mass production was applied to housing with the standardisation of certain details: the windows, the verandas on the first floor, the steps and inner areas covered with layers of tiles.
The "Downtown" of Lisbon, or "Baixa Pombalina", as it is also known in honour of Pombal, is not characterised by the ornamentation of its buildings, it rather represents a new social order that emphasised the trading and financial classes. However, to more than counterbalance this, there is the harmony of the effect, the perpendicular streets with many a view down to the Tagus, the traditional stores and interesting monuments.
Any wander through the very heart of Lisbon certainly proves to be a most pleasant experience.