Praça Luís de Camões
Continuing on from the square with its two churches, there is the beautiful Luís de Camões square.
This is the most pleasant of open spaces embellished with trees and stone banks and the floor completed in the famous Portuguese cobbles displays geometric effects and designs depicting the sea, a mermaid and a caravel.
The fine overlooking Pombaline buildings have recently been restored as has the elegant statue of the Poet in the centre while an underground car park has been installed.
The monument to Luís de Camões symbolises due Portuguese homage to one of the major figures of the Renaissance and whose epic and lyrical writing has taken on a universal dimension.
For the richly ornamented pedestal, lias stone was used for its whiteness to provide harmony with the Lisbon sunshine.
The statue of the poet, by Vítor Bastos, is in cast bronze weighing in at 9,700 kg. The statue as a whole has a height of 11.49 m with its corner stone laid in the presence of King Luís I, in 1862. The statue was completed in 1867.
Camões, decked out with a crown of laurels around his head, in his left hand is holding a sword and in his right hand clutching to his chest his epic poem "The Lusíadas" considered his greatest work. The base is particularly pleasing and interesting, based on four steps, the central face is completed with the arms of Portugal as they were in the 15th century.
Surrounding, on small plinths, there are eight statues depicting leading Portuguese figures that gained prominence throughout the 14th and 15th centuries: chronicists Fernão Lopes and Gomes Eanes de Azurara; the epic poets Jerónimo Corte Real, Francisco de Sá Meneses and Vasco de Quevedo; historians Fernão Lopes de Castanheda and João de Barros; the mathematician and chief-cosmographer Pedro Nunes.