Panteão Nacional

The Church of Santa Engracia was founded in 1568 by order of the Infanta Maria, King Manuel's daughter, but the temple this time there is nothing left.


In 1663 it was made a contest for the design of a new church, won by architect João Antunes. Then it will be one of the first works of Baroque content in the country with a privileged location and panoramic views of the Tagus River. Of major proportions and centralized model defining a Greek cross plan (square plan), evokes the Italian church of San Pietro in Montorio and San Satiro in Milan, written by Donato Bramante.


Due to various events, including the death of the architect and the 1755 earthquake, it works only ended in mid-century. XX, already a National Pantheon, function that was attributed to him in 1916. Inside, beyond the grave Amalia Rodrigues Fado singer, the remains are writers John of God, Almeida Garrett and Guerra Junqueiro and Presidents Manuel de Arriaga Republic Teófilo Braga, Sidónio Pais and Óscar Carmona. They are still evoked by cenotaphs of Luis de Camoes, Pedro Alvares Cabral, Afonso de Albuquerque, Nuno Alvares Pereira, Vasco da Gama and Prince Henry.


Thus it took so long to be built entered the popular vocabulary to describe anything that takes a long time to be made. It is said then that "look like the work of Santa Engracia".

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